This copper trial piece is the first dollar struck by the US Mint.
This die is NOT the regular issue die before adding the stars as described in Judd. It is a different obverse die with minute differences in date placement, neck length, hair treatment and others. Additional information on this can be found in the 1989 ANA sale, the Pollock book and the August 1989? issue of the Numismatist.
Only one example is known. Unlike the regular 1794 copper die trial J19/P28 which is a proof, this coin is dark, well worn and corroded. Dave Bowers in his May 1977 Getty sale mentioned the possibility that this coin was unearthed after being buried for some time.
Its pedigree is as follows:
J. W. Haseltine circa 1876 as mentioned in his November 1881 Type Table sale on page 122, R. Coulton Davis, Parmelee, Woodside, Woodin where shown at the 1914 ANS exhibit and on plate 26 of the ANS catalog, Newcomer, Boyd, Judd, Sotheby's 12/73, Bowers and Ruddy 5/77, Auction 80, Bowers and Merena 1989 ANA, Ira & Larry Goldberg 2/01, southern collection, Simpson collection - NGCXF45.
Photo courtesy of Ira & Larry Goldberg's Coins & Collectibles.